Nettmøtet var arrangert av Framtiden i våre hender, Naturvernforbundet og Regnskogsfondet gjennom prosjektet Klima sett fra Sør. Her er spørsmålene om norsk klimapolitikk fra miljøvernerne i Nepal og Brazil, og svarene fra miljø- og utviklingsminister Solheim:
Sushil Mainali, Nepal: Do you agree that CDM in reality is a way of transferring money from the Big old polluters to the Big new polluters?
How will you secure that the CDM-money flows to countries with a small carbon footprint?
Erik Solheim, miljø- og utviklingsminister: That is absolutely a good point. So far nearly all projects are in China and India. That is of course important, since 40 % of humanity lives in these two nations alone.
But we also need many more projects in Africa - an also in Nepal. These can basically happen by bundling together many small projects, for instance if you bring solar enegy to many villages, in combination it may bring money from the carbon credits.
Sushil Mainali, Nepal: In a sustainable climate just world, nobody should emit more than about one ton CO2-equivalent. Will you in the climate negotiations in Poland (and later in Copenhagen) work to establish climate justice and emissions per capita as the guiding principle for a post-Kyoto global climate agreement?
Erik Solheim, miljø- og utviklingsminister: Yea as a moral and ideological starting point, that is important. Our prime minister has expressed the same view. But it will take longer time to get it established as a working proposition for the technical aspects of an agreement.
Natalie Unterstell, Brazil: REDD is by definition centered on reducing emissions from loss of forest carbon. Does Norway assumes REDD as the only global policy with potential to effectively reduce deforestation? In that case, is it legitimate the fear of indigenous peoples over a potential land grab in tropical forests?
Erik Solheim, miljø- og utviklingsminister: Not the only, but the most important policy of fighting degradation of and emissions from rain forests. It is of course also important for bio diversity. The role of indigenous peoples are important. Your experiences in Brazil prove that point.
Natalie Unterstell, Brazil: Norway stands ready to profit from global warming by digging under the North Pole for more fossil fuels. Norwegian companies, which are partially owned by the State, are also involved in new reserves exploitation in Brazil. What will be Norway's international climate policy on oil extraction? What you think about issuing fewer permits for exploitation?
Erik Solheim, miljø- og utviklingsminister: I am definitely trying to restrict the number of new licenses in vulnerable areas in Norway. We have an important domestic debate on whether or not to start oil exploitation in certain areas in the north, i.e. Lofoten. I am on the restrictive side.
On oil policies in Brazil, that is a matter for you Brazilians and your government to decide. If you decide to open opportunities for oil companies in certain areas, I believe Norwegian companies can deliver more environmentally friendly technologies than many others. If not, you should not consider them
Erik Solheim, miljø- og utviklingsminister: : Unfortunately I have to run to a government conference. Thank you both to Nepal and Brazil!!!